People often consider all the dental problems to be as one. Even the toothache and cavities are not identified. This happens because people are unaware of and avoid visiting the dentist. The same case has been a witness while identifying dental plaque and debris formation in teeth. Often, people get confused because of their similar appearance, but there is a vast difference between them. Let’s look in brief about both the dental flaws where you get a clear idea about both.
Dental plaque is a sticky and opalescent substance that deposits on the surfaces of the teeth. Considered the main enemy of the same, the dental plaque takes root above all in the interdental spaces, in the occlusal surfaces, in the irregularities of the enamel or proximity of the gingiva and the tooth (collar).
How is it formed?
The formation of dental plaque is a highly complex process. In broad terms, an aseptic film is initially formed, consisting of hydrophobic substances and macromolecules, such as salivary glycoproteins, which begin to adsorb to the surface.
Its presence alters the surface charge of the tooth, favoring bacterial adhesion; for this reason, it is rapidly colonized by numerous germs which can be also be treated at the nearest dentist. Among the several hundred species present, the most common microorganisms are streptococci, actinobacteria, and fusobacteria.
Bacterial multiplication, with the development of numerous colonies, causes a thickening of the dental plaque, which, enriched with salivary substances and other cellular material of the host, turns into an elaborate matrix with the production of organic acids.
Like all acids, these substances irritate and corrode everything they come into contact with; in response to this chemical insult, the enamel loses its compactness, becoming more brittle and less effective in protecting the underlying layers of the tooth (dentin and pulp).
If the bacterial plaque is not completely removed with correct oral hygiene, it undergoes a series of mineralization processes that transform it into tartar. The joint action of this very hard deposit and the bacterial metabolism predisposes the teeth to the periodontal disease.
How to prevent dental plaque to form on your teeth?
– There are natural remedies that help us to eliminate plaque and its discomforts such as sodium bicarbonate, with a cleaning and bleaching effect, Guava leaves, with an analgesic effect that counteracts pain and swelling of the gums, Aloe Vera, with the antimicrobial and enemy action of bad breath, and White Vinegar which reduces the deterioration of the enamel and the formation of plaque.
– To combat plaque it is necessary to aim for a correct and daily oral hygiene by brushing the teeth at least three times a day, after meals.
Your toothbrush must be changed periodically and you must use it with a 45-degree inclination, making vertical unidirectional movements starting from the edge of the gum.
At the end of these movements, it is good to also clean the surface of the tongue, because on it the bacteria can lurk, decreasing the effectiveness of dental cleaning. Using mouthwash to rinse the oral cavity after cleaning with a toothbrush is very important.
– Home oral hygiene does not completely remove plaque and tartar from the teeth, so it is necessary to consult a specialist to perform scaling every 6-12 months.
What is tartar or debris?
Tartar has a hard consistency and is smelly! It is a calcified yellow-brownish material that forms on the surface of the teeth. Tartar is composed of mineral deposits of saliva, bacterial debris and plaque, this mixture of substances appear porous, hard and difficult to eliminate if ignored for a long time.
Tartar, if not properly treated, can cause bad breath, yellowing of the teeth and gum problems. In extreme cases, the porosity of tartar can have serious consequences first on the teeth and then on the health of the bones if not treated by the nearest dentist.
How to eliminate debris stuck on teeth?
It is not easy to remove tartar without the help of a professional in the field. Dentist in Delhi, often, to remove tartar they use different tools to scratch through this “hard and smelly crust”.
Tartar can accumulate until it penetrates the surface of the gums. In this paragraph, we will see some do-it-yourself remedies and information on how to eliminate tartar.